Effective Optical Networking.

The answer to your Optical Networks technology
needs from current to next generation.

Certified for 3 CPD Points (ECSA)

18 - 22 October 2021

Register Now! Few Seats Available!

Public R15, 999.00

Online R9, 999.00

Online R9, 999.00

Course Overview:

Optical Networking Training is the answer to your Optical Networks technology needs from current to next-generation technologies for public and private networks. Our mission is to clarify highly complex technical standards and topics.

Underlying principles are reviewed along with common optical solutions and practices. Our newly upgraded Optical Networking Series includes Examples, Implementation, and Trade-offs. It explains and provides practical tips on how to design and implement Networks for Optimum Performance. Hours of Real-life case studies are used to demonstrate key concepts. The optical networking seminar provides the Rock-Solid foundation of optical systems.


This course provides you with a comprehensive technical foundation in optical networking and its services and applications development.

Who Should Attend:

This course is designed to provide a good technical overview for;

  • Strategic or technical managers,
  • Communications professionals,
  • Software engineers,
  • System engineers,
  • Network professionals,
  • Marketing and sales professional,
  • IT professionals,
  • And others who plan on using, evaluating, or working with optical networks, applications, and services.
  • Engineers and technicians are responsible for maintaining, monitoring, and optimizing optical systems.

Course Outline:

Overview of Optical Networking

  • What is the different type of fiber optics?
  • What are the differences between SONET/SDH and DWDM?
  • GMPLS, MPLS-TP, Seamless MPLS and OTN
  • What is an all-optical network?
  • Will optical networks mean the end of the existing telecom structure?
  • What is next?
  • What does the future hold for photonic switching?
  • Will we ever have the photonic equivalent of the Pentium chip?

Principles of Fiber Optic Communications

  • Characteristics of optical fibers
  • Fiber optic cable installation
  • Fiber optic connectors and splicing
  • Fiber optic system design
  • Fiber optic testing, maintenance, and documentation
  • Optical fiber types
  • Optical sources and detectors
  • Optical transmitters and receivers

Advanced Topics

  • Light Sources
  • Introduction to Fiber Optic Systems
  • Propagation of Signals in Optical Fiber
  • Optical Network Breakthroughs
  • Modulation and Demodulation
  • Transmission System Engineering

Photonic Networks

  • First-Generation Optical Networks
  • Second-Generation Optical Networks
  • Wavelength Routing Networks
  • Optical Core Networks Technology Trends
  • Optoelectronic Devices
  • Optical Components
  • Optical Amplification
  • Optical Transmitters
  • Tunable Lasers
  • Multiplexers and Filters
  • Modulators
  • Optical Switches, Routers, Cross-Connects, and Processors
  • Wavelength Division Multiplexing/Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing
  • Optical Networks and the Optical Layer

All-Optical Network Architecture and design

  • Control and Management
  • Configuration, Fault and Performance Management
  • Protection Concepts, Deployment Considerations
  • IP, ATM, DWDM and the Future of SONET/SDH

Technical Details of Optical Communications

  • The Nature of Light
  • Light as an Electromagnetic Wave (Photons, Polarization, Interference)
  • Physics of the Optics
  • Fiber Optics Network Design
  • Fiber Losses, Dispersion, Nonlineraties, and Fiber Types
  • Technical Details of Synchronous Optical Network (SONET)
  • Technical Details of Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (SDH)
  • Technical Details of Gigabit Ethernet (GigE)
  • Technical Details of Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing (DWDM)
  • Technical Details of MPLS and GMPLS
  • Networking with CWDM and DWDM
    • Lasers
    • Modulation
    • Cavities and Filters
    • Basic Components
    • Complex Components
    • ADMs and Cross Connects
    • Switches (MEMS, Holograms, Bubbles and more)
    • EDFA and Raman Amplifiers
    • Dispersion Compensation Units (DCUs)
  • DWDM Impairments
    • Availability, Occupancy, Efficiency
    • Bandwidth & Distance Limitations
    • Chromatic Dispersion (CD)
    • Polarization Mode Dispersion (PMD)
    • Noise, Dispersion, Non-linearities
    • Four-Wave Mixing (FWM)
    • Self-phase Modulation (SPM)
    • Cross-phase Modulation (XPM)
    • Stimulated Brillouin Scattering (SBS)
    • Stimulated Raman Scattering (SRS)
    • Amplified Spontaneous Emission (ASE)
    • Modeling of Nonlinearities
    • Modeling of Noise
  • DWDM Span Engineering
    • Engineering a DWDM link
    • Fiber Types
    • Power Budget Design
    • Q-Factor and OSNR
    • Margin Requirements
    • Design Using Chromatic Dispersion Compensation
    • Effects of FWM, XPM, and SPM on Long-Haul Design
    • Nonlinear Effects (SPM, XPM, FWM, Raman)
    • Polarization Dependent Effects (PDL and PMD)
    • Noise Sources and Noise Accumulation
    • Bit Error Rate and Signal-to-Noise-Ratio
    • Signal Crosstalk
    • Amplifier Spacing
    • Channel Bit Rate
    • Dispersion and polarization
    • Non-linear Effects and Dispersion
  • Components and Subsystem Consideration on Design
  • Test and Measurements
  • Optical Loss Testing & Troubleshooting
  • OTDR Theory & Operation
  • CDWM and DWDM Simulation Projects
  • Design Projects and Case Studies

FTTx Access Networks

  • FTTx networks architecture
  • Principles behind FTTH
  • FTTH topology, technology, and network layers
  • What is Passive Optical Networks (PON)?
  • BPON architecture and components
  • BPON and EPON
  • Fundamentals of GPON
  • GPON Infrastructure
  • GPON Standards
  • GPON Network Elements
  • GPON Infrastructure Examples
  • Optical Power Budgets
  • GPON Services

End of the workshop


While both In-House and Online training can present with cost-effectiveness and time-efficacy, there are some very specific differences between in-house courses and those based online.
The demand for additional courses by individuals or groups of people is increasing. Still, it depends entirely on the preferences of a person what type of training he or she wants to receive. Online courses and in-house training carry some similarities but they are considered to exhibit some very pivotal differences too. Despite that, both types of learning can be really beneficial for attendees.

For Registration and other Training arrangements,
contact us on the detail below.
SOUTH AFRICA Tel: +27 11 057 6001
KENYA Tel: +254 11 353 1082
WhatsApp +27 79 574 0389
info@bmktraining.co.za / www.bmktraining.com