Load Forecasting
and System Upgrade.

27 November – 01 December 2023
Sandton Centre Johannesburg South Africa

Load Forecasting and System Upgrade

Register Now! Limited Seats Available!

R17, 999.00 Per Delegate

Course overview:

Electric load forecasting (ELF) is a vital process in the planning of the electricity industry and plays a crucial role in electric capacity scheduling and power systems management and, therefore, it has attracted increasing academic interest

This Load Forecasting and System Upgrade training course will use practical and theoretical exercises concerning installation of load forecasting study analysis and system upgrade of electrical power system. It will also include the practical and theoretical exercises concerning load shedding analysis.

By the end of this training, participants will be able to:

    • Develop and understand electrical system design/specification by basic principles
    • Determine and apply key electrical principles from codes, standards & DEPs
    • Apply specification focus of key types of electrical equipment
    • Analyze and design MCCs, Cable Systems, including specification & maintenance requirements
    • Develop and understand real and reactive power scheduling of each power plant
    • Be competent with solving problems of economic operating dispatch
    • Develop and apply the operation constrains for load forecasting and upgrade
    • Develop short/medium/long term load forecasting

Targeted Audience:

    • Planners and Analysts Engineers
    • Electrical Engineers
    • Electrical Supervisor
    • load dispatch center Engineers and supervisors
    • Electrical Distribution Engineers
    • Operation & maintenance engineers

Course Outline:

Power System Components & Upgrade

    • Generation, Transmission and Distribution of Electrical Power
    • Transformer Types, lead and lag power factor
    • Motors and Generators Types
    • Switchgears and Low Voltage Panels
    • Circuit Breaker Types and Function
    • Relays Types and Function

Types of Loads and Load Estimation

    • Types of loads, Load estimation and calculations
    • Diversity factor, demand factor and distribution Factor, voltage sensitivity of loads
    • Loads distribution networks using AUTOCAD, REVIT software and ETAP software
    • All power networks load calculations
    • Low and Medium Voltage networks
    • Electrical measurements, smart meter and testing, Characteristics customers and by class, Appliance duty cycles and coincidence of load

Powers System Upgrading, Analysis & Load Forecasting

    • Coincident load behaviour, Coincident curve, expectation of non-coincident load
    • Coincidence factors and curves, Diversity factor and load management
    • Load profile and flat rate structure, Load Shed and Load duration curves analysis
    • Load sampling rate and type, signal engineering perspective on load sampling
    • Determination of the sampling method and type
    • Relationship between losses and demand
    • T&D systems are built to satisfy customers, not loads

 Load Sampling Rate, Load Forecasting

    • Growth of electric load and T&D capacity requirements
    • Spatial load growth and the “s” curve characteristic
    • Evaluation criterion & forecasting accuracy
    • Short term load forecasting
    • Very short-term load forecasting
    • Medium/long term load forecasting

 Load Forecasting Techniques & Procedures

    • Load forecasting techniques and combined forecasting
    • Hierarchical load forecasting
    • Outlier detection and data cleansing
    • Load settlement and demand response forecasting
    • Retail energy forecasting and frequently made mistakes
    • The art of load forecasting

End of the workshop



While both In-House and Online training can present with cost-effectiveness and time-efficacy, there are some very specific differences between in-house courses and those based online.
The demand for additional courses by individuals or groups of people is increasing. Still, it depends entirely on the preferences of a person what type of training he or she wants to receive. Online courses and in-house training carry some similarities but they are considered to exhibit some very pivotal differences too. Despite that, both types of learning can be really beneficial for attendees.

For Registration and other Training arrangements,
contact us on the detail below.

SOUTH AFRICA : +27 11 057 6001
TANZANIA Cell: +255 769 688 544
WhatsApp +27 79 574 0389
info@bmktraining.co.za / www.bmktraining.com